disaster typically occurs in FOUR stages:

Response, Recovery, Mitigation, Preparedness.

Response refers to the immediate efforts after a disaster. These typically include matters of life safety and most measures are temporary.

Recovery is by far the longest stage- design, permitting and construction takes years. The survivor often struggles to get their life back on track and often struggles to maintain funding for the project. The event is over- the media left, and yet, residents do not have their lives back. Architects are often called "the last responders" for this reason.

Mitigation Mitigation can take many forms. It can be a small project or a large one, and it can even work with a community’s identity. Mitigation can save money, but more importantly, it can save lives in countless ways: by minimizing interruptions to care for the sick and elderly, and avoiding situations where people could be injured in floodwaters.

preparedness refers to all the precautionary measures we take to SHIELD our clients, our neighborhoods and ourselves from the dangers of a hazard. it can include education and training or building in a more resilient way.the best way to protect a community from a disaster is to protect an individual through education and mitigation.

By Disaster:

By Program: