disaster typically occurs in FOUR stages:

Response, Recovery, Mitigation, Preparedness.

Response refers to the immediate efforts after a disaster. These typically include matters of life safety and most measures are temporary.

Recovery is by far the longest stage- design, permitting and construction takes years. The survivor often struggles to get their life back on track and often struggles to maintain funding for the project. The event is over- the media left, and yet, residents do not have their lives back. Architects are often called "the last responders" for this reason.

Mitigation and preparedness refers to all the precautionary measures we take to SHIELD our clients, our neighborhoods and ourselves from the dangers of a disaster. it can include education and training or building in a more resilient way.the best way to protect individuals from a disaster is to protect a community.

By Disaster:

By Program: